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18 Ways to Optimize Your Google Shopping Feed

Andi Coombs
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The event of 2020 (I won’t say the P-word) seismically shifted consumer behavior online in a matter of months. Retailers quickly adapted and took advantage of throngs of new shoppers coming from brick and mortar stores. 

Coming out the other side, the influx to online shopping isn’t temporary—it’s an evolution.

Online shopping exploded in 2020, and there’s no going back
Online shopping exploded in 2020, and there’s no going back – source

As a savvy retailer, you’re anxious to get your products fully online and in front of the 6 billion daily viewers who search for stuff on Google. That’s over 90,000 searchers every second—slightly more traffic than your average street-level boutique. 😉 

Google Shopping makes up 65% of all Google Ads clicks.

That’s because Google focused on its shopping platform in recent years, adding a carousel of shopping ads to the top of Google SERP (search engine results pages). 

That focus is working; Google Shopping stats are impressive. 

Clicks and impressions show that the platform is growing—Google Shopping ads (previously called Product Listing Ads or PLAs) steal 79% of retailer ad spend in the US on mobile. 

It’s worthwhile advertising specific products on Google Shopping (as opposed to strictly listing on Amazon—the ecommerce B2C giant) thanks to the volume of eyes who see your products. 

How to do that best (by optimizing your product data feed) is what we’ll cover in this post, starting with shopping trends that can make you more money.

Google points to four trends that retailers should get behind to connect with their digital consumers. 

The eCommerce age: Retailers can tap into four trends to reach their consumers
The eCommerce age: Retailers can tap into four trends to reach their consumers – source

As a retailer, your goal is to provide high-quality information for shoppers. But go one step better: strive for inspirational content to pique their interest while respecting their personal values.

Where eco-friendly products stole the show in recent years, socially conscious brands are now in the spotlight.

Tell your story to grow your followers
Tell your story to grow your followers – source

Retailers should share their stories and tell consumers what they stand for to build brand loyalty and consumer trust over the long term. 

Statistics also show that consumers want convenience. 

That means offering curbside pickup if possible and elevating the visual experience using virtual try-ons and dynamic product views (more on that below).

Make purchasing convenient – source
Make purchasing convenient – source

The products consumers search for have also changed (and continue to change). Recent searches indicate a rise in entertainment-based and home-business-based products like “hammock,” “garden ideas,” and “mesh wifi.”

Search interest will continue to surprise as people react to unpredictability in their environments—every day, 15% of Google Search queries are brand new—Google consumer insights.

Retailers must be ready to capitalize on sudden shifts in new product demand; that’s what’s happening today across the digital shoppingverse. 

As a smart retailer, you should be as visible as possible, take a stand, and be ready to pivot to keep up with consumer trends. Keep these trends in mind when you build your shopping campaigns. 

Pay trends special attention when you design your Google Shopping feed.

What’s the difference between “regular” Google Ads and Google Shopping Ads?

Short answer: Google Shopping Ads are based on your Google Shopping feed (not keyword bids). Google search ads are based on keyword bids.

Long answer: Google Shopping campaigns are set up differently than ordinary Google search ads. They are managed with different editors, trigger based on different things, show up in different spots, and display different information on the ad. 

More importantly, visitors who click on Shopping ads have a higher purchase intent than standard text ads.

Both ad types appear on the Google search results page (SERP) when searchers search for a product. And both ads link to your landing page. 

Google search text ads appear in the search results (at the top of the results list). Shopping ads appear at the top of the search results page and feature an image. Shopping ads also have a dedicated Shopping Tab.

Shopping Ads appear in a carousel at the top. Text ads appear at the top of organic results
Shopping Ads appear in a carousel at the top. Text ads appear at the top of organic results

Google Ads live within your Google Ads account. They are managed in the Google Ads Editor and show up based on the keywords you bid on (based on search intent). Only one text ad can trigger at one time per keyword, but advertisers have pretty firm control over when/where their ads show.

On the other hand, Google Shopping Ads live within the Google Merchant Center and are pushed out to Google (and Bing) to show up based on your Shopping feed attributes, how optimized your product titles and product descriptions are, and what negative keywords you list. 

Compared to ordinary search campaigns, Shopping Ads take some control out of advertisers’ hands. The trade-off there, though, is that there’s more dedicated room for Google Shopping Ads (previously called Product Listing Ads) at the top of the page—up to 30 items scroll in the Shopping Ad section on desktop and up to 15 on mobile. 

More than one of your Shopping Ads could appear in this list (instead of a single text ad).

Let’s repeat the main difference: Google Shopping Ads depend on your Google Shopping feed. 

So what is a Google Shopping feed?

What is a Google Shopping feed?

A feed is a spreadsheet file in the Google Merchant Center that lists the products you want to appear on Google. Each product in the spreadsheet has attributes (in columns). Your Shopping feed groups your products together based on these attributes.

Instead of ordinary bid systems, Google crawls sites and product feeds of different brands. This info supplies the user with the most relevant items in response to their search query.

This means that the data you include in your Google Shopping Feed directly impacts where your shopping ads appear and how well they perform.

Read this out loud (twice): 

When conversions mean sales and missed conversions mean lost revenue in the eCommerce game, properly optimizing your Shopping feed is crucial.

The rest of this article walks you through how to 

  • boost your impression share
  • pay less for clicks
  • maximize your shopping campaign performance
  • increase your sales revenue, and
  • knock your ROI out of the park

Let’s start where all of this magic happens, the Google Merchant Center (GMC).

Get to know the Google Merchant Center

Here’s where you start with GMC
Here’s where you start – source

The GMC is a powerful platform for retailers. It deserves its own article—well, would you look at that? We already have an in-depth guide that steps you through the Google Merchant Center (of course, we do).

Get set up on GMC (it’s free), connect your Google Analytics account to it, and then check out the Google Shopping feed optimization checklist below. 

Pay attention because you’ll want to apply these tips as you go.

Google Shopping feed attributes

Each product in your new feed has five elements. 

The more product information you include, and the more specific it is, the better set up you’ll be for prime Google shopping performance.

These are the data points you specify and optimize in your spreadsheets and/or product feed management tool.

  • Product Title
  • Product Type 
  • Description 
  • Product Category 
  • GTIN 

Get more details in the Google Merchant Center Help.

Optimizing your Google Shopping feed (broad vs individual)

You know what the Shopping feed is, you read our fantastic Google Merchant Center article that stepped you through opening a GMC account, you downloaded the Google Sheets Shopping feed template, and you know you should optimize five key product attributes so they appear when people look for them.

Right. So how do you do that best?

Two different ways (excluding budget optimization): You can go broad, or you can be specific.

Nota bene: you should do both.

Broad optimization

Broad optimization organizes your product categories and types. It involves keyword research to find out which product types, product categories, and product subcategories you should list your products under.

Specific optimization

Next, optimize your product-specific information to better tailor each of your products’ descriptive attributes to its ideal audience and customer.

You’ll add these details to your product spreadsheets ahead of time (pre-upload) to make campaign optimization easier on yourself. Getting this down in the early stages rocks because this is what you’ll do when you scale later on.

Google Shopping feed optimization checklist

Every time you add a product to your Shopping feed, there are 18 things you should check. You should also use this checklist before every product launch of your eCommerce ad campaigns.

Checking this list will 

  • maximize your visibility so you 
  • make more sales that 
  • boost your ROAS (Return On Ad Spend), which 
  • sets you up to go gangbusters with Google Shopping Ads success.

Yeehaw, honey.

Alright, now open the register drawer, Delilah. Let’s get our feed on.

1. Include extra info in your product title

Google uses your title to match your product to a user’s search intent. That’s why it’s important that your product title be as detailed as possible for your customers. 

Tell your audience the basic information (the what) of your product. 

  • Product name
  • Brand
  • Variants: Size and color
Product title with the brand, style, color, and sizing
Product title with the brand, style, color, and sizing – source
  • Specific details about the product area such as “maternity” for clothing or “waterproof” for mascara or “sulphate-free” for soap. If applicable, “Vegan-friendly/Gluten-free/dairy-free” is a hot spec to include right now.
Those are some catchy specs
Those are some catchy specs

At a glance, this product is frigging hot, vegan-friendly, dairy-free, and gluten-free. Points lost because the product name and the 150mL size should be in the title—I mean, it’s hot sauce, but be sure to let people know what they’re looking at. (As a side note, this ad had me at the product title (FRIG THAT’S HOT—IT’LL RUIN YOUR DINNER), so I clicked on this ad. The selling feature for me was this genius bit of copywriting: you'd better stick the toilet paper in the freezer, this one's gonna burn! 

Adding your brand name to product titles distinguishes your products from others on the keyword listing. Specific details give your customers the information they appreciate at a glance.

You have a max of 150 characters. Maximize that length, but stay within that limit, or your title will truncate, and that looks unprofessional. 

Keep titles under 150 characters to avoid the ellipses
Keep titles under 150 characters to avoid the ellipses

Put the most important details first because users may only see half of the 150 characters of your title depending on what device they’re using (as little as 35 characters on mobile).

Conversely, product titles that are too short and vague minimize the keywords Google uses to match products to search intent.

Product title too short: This title is missing the brand, material, and how many bottles it holds
Product title too short: This title is missing the brand, material, and how many bottles it holds
Much better (but it could have included “wood” so we know if it’s particle board garbage or the real stuff)
Much better (but it could have included “wood” so we know if it’s particle board garbage or the real stuff)

Our advice: aim for around 70-100 characters, but frontload the vital product information.

What to avoid in your title:

The title is not a promotional space; it’s a space for specific details. We celebrate creativity at KlientBoost, but we grimace at gimmicks. So...

  • Resist the urge to write your title in ALL CAPS 
  • Don’t add promos like Limited time offer or BOGO
  • Don’t put the price (or sale price) in the headline. There is a specific price attribute for that
  • Avoid symbols, HTML tags, foreign characters, or punctuation that creates emojis like this: (ಠ_ಠ) or ¯\_(ツ)_/¯. This looks like spam and creates mistrust

2. Use this formula for your titles

You write for humans and for Google. Your goal is to optimize your title for maximum impressions, engagement, CTRs, and conversion rates. 

Generate your product titles based on spreadsheet cell data (columns) and add as many details (columns) as you can fit.

The Google Shopping feed formula:

Brand + product + keyword + specifications (more on this next).

3. Specifications: add as much additional product info as possible

We recommend optimizing your product data in a Google spreadsheet and uploading that to your Shopping feed. A spreadsheet lets you customize your spreadsheet columns.

Take that opportunity. Add spec details like:

  • Product ID
  • Age group
  • Gender (if applicable)
  • Color
  • Size
  • Quantity
  • Material
  • SKU

Including this information in the product title, along with an authoritative brand name, boosts your CTR

This product title mentions the brand + product + keywords + specs (size + color)
This product title mentions the brand + product + keywords + specs (size + color)
Product title with brand + product + keywords + specs (size + quantity + SKU)
Product title with brand + product + keywords + specs (size + quantity + SKU)

4. Keep your product titles understandable

The product title may be the only thing the majority of your viewers read. If it’s not enticing, it won’t get a click. 

Fit in pertinent information, but don’t overdo it. 

Your goal isn’t to cram every possible specification into the title. Be picky and choose the specs that entice. Too much information results in abbreviations and number overload. 

Example: Vitamix Prof. Series 750 1.89L Br. Stnless multi-speed 2.3-HP blender in blk/slvr.

Is this a blender or a boat engine? 

Sometimes simple is better. Brand + product + keyword + specs (model + material). But that delivery charge?… come on, Crate & Barrel.
Sometimes simple is better. Brand + product + keyword + specs (model + material). But that delivery charge?… come on, Crate & Barrel.

Keep product titles simple and understandable. You want your audience to know what they’re looking at and how it’s a perfect/unique solution to their search query.

5. Optimize product images for quality

A picture is worth a thousand words. Let’s be honest: sometimes viewers won’t read a single word of your product description. 

They’ll click 100% based on the picture. 

So don’t cheap out on image quality. 

Hire a pro to take product shots with softboxes, umbrellas, background lighting, bounce cards, product turntables, and milky plexiglass. 

Don’t snap a pic with your iPhone and call it a day. 

Your depth-of-field will be wrong, the angle will be wrong, the shadows will be harsh, and it will look like crap.

Google values quality, and so do your customers. 

Better resolution images that display your products in the best light will convert better—like a retail shop with the best window display.

Optimize your product images at their compressed image size too, which you can learn more about here.

6. Include dynamic product views

If you’re selling anything beyond two-dimensional artwork, you’ll benefit from dynamic product views.

These are more in-depth and interactive views of your product that display the item/tool at different angles and uses. For clothing, dynamic views often include zoom features and 360-degree rotating for a complete picture of the outfit.

Here’s an example of a dynamic product view, courtesy of Smart Products
Here’s an example of a dynamic product view, courtesy of Smart Products – source

Dynamic product views show off your product in a live view as if the user was standing there looking at it from all sides. 

Adding in 360-degree views and interactive zoom features improves overall brand worth.

7. Take control of your product categories

The product category, strangely, is optional. 

If you don’t set a [google_product_category] on your spreadsheet, Google automatically assigns a category from its always-evolving product taxonomy.

You don’t want to give Google that freedom.

These are your products, and you know them best. You’ve already set high-quality, on-topic titles and descriptions along with accurate pricing, brand, and GTIN information, so set your product category too.

8. Get granular with sub-categories

If you’ve done everything else right, you’re primed for some pretty solid Google Shopping performance.

Now go for granularity.

With products, granularity is subcategories.

The more refined you make your audience of potential customers, the more successful your ads will be. Subcategories organize your Google Shopping ads beyond product types, categories, and keywords. 

Subcategories reach niche interests in your target demographic. This is where you should start seeing some real boosts in sales rates—from true artisan aficionados.

Like search marketing, targeting is everything, and broad targets aren’t as good as defined targets.

Don’t settle for an upper-tier general category: 

561 - Baby & Toddler > Nursing & Feeding

Go the distance: 

8436 - Baby & Toddler > Nursing & Feeding > Baby & Toddler Food > Toddler Nutrition Drinks & Shakes

Select the wrong category and your product won’t show as often as it should, so choose with precision.

Leaning on subcategories sets up your campaign for hierarchies (#13 on our list).

9. Match Google product types with categories

This one is a no-brainer, but it must be said.

We preach top-to-bottom hierarchical campaign organization with our famously branded Single Keyword Ad Groups. The same goes for our eCommerce advertising tips.

Align your product types with your product categories to make your campaigns granular and easy to manage.

Your product link should point to your product page, not your homepage or website ecommerce page (Shopify or WordPress woocommerce). It also must include https://. 

Take advantage of the mobile_link attribute if you specified a page for mobile traffic.

Use the image_link attribute for the main product image. If you have more than one image (good for you), use the additional_image_link attribute.

Do 👏 not 👏 add 👏 text 👏 or 👏 logos 👏 to your image. 

But do try to use interesting angles. Dropshippers use generic photos supplied by the manufacturer, so if you do things differently, you’ll stand out.

11. Rely on customizable spreadsheets

Customizable spreadsheets like Excel (csv) and Google Sheets give you 100% control over your Shopping feed data before you upload it into your product feed management tool.

This advantage saves you loads of time—adding products one at a time is clunky and inefficient.  

12. Clean up your spreadsheet data pre-import

Okay, so customizable spreadsheets give you more control over your product data management and editing.

But things get messy if you don’t maintain a uniform product catalog.

For that reason, it is imperative to clean up your spreadsheets before uploading them into the Google Merchant Center by eliminating any empty cells and making sure you don’t have any filler text populating the user-facing side of your ads.

Do this before your sheet hits the GMC.

Don’t overlook how valuable the “Command-F” function truly can be.

13. Track and report with accuracy

Keep a close eye on which of your Google Shopping campaigns outperforms its counterparts (even by a hair) to prioritize your optimization and budget decisions.

If you’re looking for a scalable app to assist with audits and Google Shopping campaign adjustments, there are plenty of Shopping Feed Management tools out there. 

Select a few industry leaders from the list below:

Shopping feed management tools (apps, APIs, and plugins)

14. Remember: Google likes hierarchies

If you haven’t noticed by reading other KlientBoost content, we’re big fans of segmentation and cleanly organized campaigns.

Google likes hierarchies because they neatly organize massive amounts of information. So, when it comes to cleaning up your mountains of Shopping feed data, a hierarchical chart of types, categories, and subcategories is the way to go.

Hierarchies go like this:

Hierarchy 1. ALL PRODUCTS (Shoes)

Then you segment (split into groups) ALL PRODUCTS by a major attribute like Product type.

Hierarchy 2. PRODUCT TYPES (Sandals, Sneakers, Heels)

  • Product type 1. (Sandals) 
  • Product type 2. (Sneakers) 
  • Product type 3. (Heels)

Now segment each of those Product types by another attribute, like Brand.

Hierarchy 3. BRAND


  • Brand group 1. Birkenstocks
  • Brand group 2. Naot
  • Brand group 3. Reef


  • Brand group 1. Saucony
  • Brand group 2. Hoka
  • Brand group 3. New Balance
  • Brand group 4. Newton


  • Brand group 1. Blahnik
  • Brand group 2. Miu Miu
  • Brand group 3. McQueen

Now bid on the lowest-hierarchy product groups.

Keep your Shopping feed easily manageable, optimized, and scaled. You’ll impress Google and breathe a sigh of relief.

15. Plan for an adjustable budget (the Gold Pan Technique)

I’ve mentioned the importance of tracking specific ads to see which ones perform best and which could benefit from a little extra optimization and testing. 

The Gold Pan Technique allocates weighted budget amounts to certain products. It takes some fine-tuning but, once you get it down, you can filter your ad traffic to show your shopping ads to the audience that is most likely to convert/buy—the real golden nugget users.

Pan for more gold
Pan for more gold – source

Our eCommerce mastermind wrote a helpful master guide on the Gold Pan Technique to guide you through the rush.

16. Say howdy to SPAGs

SPAGs (Single Product Ad Groups) are ad groups in your Shopping campaign that only contain one product. SPAGs give you more control for better performance. They make it easy for you to see what products trigger what searches and how much money your products are making—so you only bid on products that are worth it.

This visibility is essential as you scale. But that’s only our opinion as brilliant scalers.  

This is a deep-dive topic, so jump over to our SPAGs post and read more about the how-tos and benefits.

17. Optimize quick wins with eComm budget prioritization

Double down on wins and back off from your losses. The logic couldn’t be more straightforward.

When you apply it to how you manage your Google Shopping Campaigns, it becomes the almighty key to unlocking ROAS maximization.

Identify your best sellers and your weakest products. Adjust your advertising budget to maximize the bids and visibility of your most successful products.

And, more importantly, minimize the visibility of your less popular products while you work on split testing different ad copy or product details to improve your CTRs and sales rates.

It may seem like a small and straightforward tactic, but subtle shifts separate masterfully managed Google Shopping campaigns from mediocre ones.

18. Include your GTINs

The GTIN, or Global Trade Item Number, is a unique number that Google uses to identify and distinguish individual products. You can locate the GTIN on the barcode of the product.

Here’s an example image, courtesy of Google
Here’s an example image, courtesy of Google – source

If you can’t locate the GTINs, reach out to the manufacturer because, sooner or later, errors will pop up in your Google Merchant Center account without GTINs. The GTIN is required for all Google Shopping products. 

That’s the last check box on your optimization checklist. But, before you go, there’s one last thing to consider.

Google promotions feed

If you rotate through promotions often, consider using a Google promotions feed to upload your promos to the Google Merchant Center. This is a separate spreadsheet (txt file, .xml file, or Google Sheets) that holds your promotion details.

Include these promotion feed attributes:

  • promotion_id
  • product_applicability
  • offer_type
  • long_title
  • promotion_effective_dates
  • redemption_channel

To learn more, check out Google Shopping feed types.

And that’s all.

Give your customers what they want

Imagine you’re the manager of a small, brick-and-mortar retail shop selling locally sourced, environmentally-friendly clothing.

If a customer walks in and nitpicks every detail of the clothes you have on the rack, you have to answer every question to close the sale.

The same goes for your eCommerce campaigns, and answering those questions happens with your Google Shopping feed.

Take the time to provide the right details in your product title. Add attribute columns (specifications) to your feed spreadsheet. Upload kickass images, including dynamic product views. Drill down into your subcategories and give Google the hierarchies it wants. Group your ads by single products (SPAGs), and put your money on products that are doing well.

Set yourself up for easy, scalable campaign management by organizing your Google Shopping feed the right way from the start. 

That’s how you keep customers (and Google) happy.

Do that, and your bank account will feel the love, too.

Learning about the Google Shopping feed is a great kick starter. But we know you’re curious about the next steps, and that’s either learning about Single Product Ad Groups or how to set up a Google Shopping campaign

Head over to either of those aisles and add some focused intelligence to your shopping cart.

Chapter 4:
Google Shopping Ads

What You’ll Learn: Get more people to buy from your store, increase your average order value, all while spending less on acquiring new customers.

Chapter 5:
YouTube Ads

What You’ll Learn: Unlock the power of video advertising to drive conversions in all different parts of the funnel that ultimately lead to more sales for you.

Chapter 6:
Additional Google Ad Types

What You’ll Learn: Discover the different ad types you can use across different Google Ads networks to drive the results you want.